Saturday, March 14, 2020
Playing god essays On February 24, 1997, scientists at the Roslin Institute in Edinburg, England announce that they had cloned an adult mamal for the first time. This was just one of many blind leaps in science that humanity has made. As we race foward in our descisions to create life, we negelct to look at the concequences of our actions. In addition to eliminating genetic diversity, cloning is religiously and ethically wrong. First before I start I should define what exactly a clone is. Groliers encyclopedia defines a clone as a decendant produced asexually from a single animal or plant. Asexually, as in natural. What we define as cloning is no more than mechanical reproduction. We create identical copies of organisms as the means to an end. We want to genetically create the perfect pig, one that yeilds delicious meat, never gets sick and conforms to all of our needs. We want to do that over and over, thousands upon thousands of identical copies. All without looking at the concequences. Identical animals lack diversity. All of them could die from a single plauge because there is no chance of one of them having an immunity. One example of this was the Irish potatoe famine of the early 19th century. The lower class Irish relied on a single variety of potatoe and when a plauge wiped it out, thousands died from famine. The gradual evolution, survival of the fittest, nature has set this up for a reason. It ha ppens so species can develop and evolve to fit their environment. If we engineer our own evolution we stop what nature may have intended for us. By choosing something that seems perfect now, we may miss out on what is better for us in the future. Everything has a reason, and only God know what that is. When I speak of religion and cloning I have to go all the way back to the beginning. The bible states that God essentially cloned Eve, as he wanted to create a woman and a wife for Adam. So if it's right for God, huamns should be able to do i. ...
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Choose one of the following - Assignment Example influenced not only the business performance of a company but also the ability of the company to fulfill its current and future business goals (Ravasi and Schultz, 2006; DuBrin, 2002). On the contrary, having a weak organizational culture can also lead to the development of a poor business performance. To ensure that business organizations could benefit from having a strong oranizational culture, this study will purposely examine the positive and negative features of organizational culture. Prior to conclusion, this study will discuss how a strong and weak organizational culture can affect the business performance of a company. According to Lussier and Achua (2010, p. 369), Ã¢â¬Å"strong corporate cultures improve performance by facilitiating internal behavioral consistancyÃ¢â¬ . It simply means that the ability of the corporate leaders to positively manipulate or influence each employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s work-related values, attitude, norms, behavioral practices, and expectations play a significant role towards developing further improvements in the busienss performance of a company. Organizational culture can either be classified as weak or strong (Anghel, 2012, p. 135; Lussier, 2009, p. 51). In relation to having a strong and well-defined organizational culture, one of the most obvious and common features of having a strong organizational culture is one that has aligned organizational vision, mission, and goals (Hill and Jones, 2012, p. 32; Lussier and Achua, 2010, p. 370). Commonly shared by the managers and staffs, the presence of a well-defined organizational vision, mission, and goals serve as a guiding attitude and behaviour within a business organization (Lussier and Achua, 2010, p. 370). Therefore, employees within a business organization with strong culture are subconsciously sharing assumptions on how they will achieve the organizational goals (Lussier, 2009, p. 51). In the absence of any of these features, it would be more difficult on the part of the business managers
Monday, February 10, 2020
Value Stream Mapping and Interviews with Michigan Steel Company - Term Paper Example The production lead time is also reduced by analyzing the primary data obtained from observing actual processes in the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s factory. Further, this paper discusses the methods employed in the analysis and drawing of Michigan Steel CompanyÃ¢â¬â¢s value stream map. These methods are vital in the calculation of the cycle time, changeover time and uptime. The number of shifts for each worker and EPE (every part every) is also calculated. The target number of pieces is also recommended. Finally, the paper concludes by giving the results of the entire project and further discusses them giving recommendation where necessary. The value stream technique is mostly used in the design and analysis of information and material flow that will bring a product or service to the final customer or consumer. Furthermore, the technique also aims at using minimal resources whilst maximizing production. In the analysis of this one is required to draw a current state map that illustrates the whole value stream mapping technique employed. This paper shall embark on discussing the current state map for the Michigan Steel Company and evaluate is value mapping technique. In order to successfully analyze the technique at Michigan Steel Company, the entire chain of steel production is broken down into discrete levels of production and information flow. The step by step flow from production is evaluated and the lead and processing time taken to complete the production is also determined. The route taken by the product until it reaches the State Street Assembly (customer) is also illustrated in the Michigan Steel CompanyÃ¢â¬â¢s current state map situation. This paper shall then discuss this processÃ¢â¬â¢s methods, results and efficiency. The biggest problem met by Michigan Steel Company was the relevant optimal lead time for the entire production process. This necessitated the team to set up objectives that are oriented towards goalÃ achievement.Ã
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Discrimination Worksheet Essay Ã¢â¬ ¢ What is discrimination? How is discrimination different from prejudice and stereotyping? Racial and Ethics Group 13th Edition by Richard T. Schafer defines discrimination as the denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or for other arbitrary reasons. Discrimination is different from prejudice and stereotyping because discrimination is the act of excluding a group from some right, privilege, or service which is based upon some form of prejudice or stereotyping. Stereotyping is a generalization of a group of people from a certain race which is usually negative and a prejudice is a first impression of a person which is usually based off a stereotype. Discrimination is actual positive or negative actions towards a person or group based solely on their differences. An example would be an employer not hiring Hispanics because he does not like them. Ã¢â¬ ¢ What are the causes of discrimination? Discrimination is caused by race, religion, gender, ethnicity; this can affect promotions, or even getting the job to begin with. Discrimination is often based on ignorance, fear and stereotypical viewpoints. There are many causes for discrimination. One of which is learned from behavior. If you grew up seeing discrimination practiced by your parents, you will probably follow the same mind-set and this will be passing on through generations and generations of families. Racism is the major cause of Discrimination. It creates a big gap between people the hate for minority groups and the action to oppress them. For example to deny a Hispanic family living in an all-White community. Ã¢â¬ ¢ How is discrimination faced by one identity group (race, ethnicity, religious beliefs, gender, sexual orientation, age, or disability) the same as discrimination faced by another? How are they different? Discrimination at times is something one person cannot control such as age, race or even oneÃ¢â¬â¢s disability. The similarities are that they are all suffering at the hands of insensitive and ignorant people. To be honest I really do not think there is an actual difference at all in the discrimination faced by one group versus another group. To me discrimination is discrimination. I do not see a difference with discrimination from one person to another person; the only difference is that personÃ¢â¬â¢s ethnicity. Someone may not like blacks over Hispanics but when it comes down to it and they had to choose letÃ¢â¬â¢s say for example an employment opportunity that person might go along with the black person. That one person might have just picked the black male over the Hispanic male because he does not like Mexicans and now that one person may think all Hispanics are Mexican.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Narrative History of Texas Annexation, Secession, and Readmission to the Union Texans voted in favor of annexation to the United States in the first election following independence in 1836. However, throughout the Republic period (1836-1845) no treaty of annexation negotiated between the Republic and the United States was ratified by both nations. When all attempts to arrive at a formal annexation treaty failed, the United States Congress passed--after much debate and only a simple majority--a Joint Resolution for Annexing Texas to the United States. Under these terms, Texas would keep both its public lands and its public debt, it would have the power to divide into four additional states "of convenient size" in the future if it so desired, and it would deliver all military, postal, and customs facilities and authority to the United States government. (Neither this joint resolution or the ordinance passed by the Republic of Texas' Annexation Convention gave Texas the right to secede.) In July 1845, a popularly-elected Constitutional Convention met in Austin to consider both this annexation proposal as well as a proposed peace treaty with Mexico which would end the state of war between the two nations, but only if Texas remained an independent country. The Convention voted to accept the United States' proposal, and the Annexation Ordinance was submitted to a popular vote in October 1845. The proposed Annexation Ordinance and State Constitution were approved by the Texas voters and submitted to the United States Congress. The United States House and Senate, in turn, accepted the Texas state constitution in a Joint Resolution to admit Texas as a State which was signed by the president on December 29, 1845 . Although the formal transfer of government did not occur until February 19, 1846, Texas statehood dates from the 29th of December. Opposition to Texas' admission to the United States was particularly strong in the North during this period. If a challenge to the constitutionality of the move could have been made successfully at that time, there is little doubt that the leaders of the opposition would have instituted such a suit in the Supreme Court. Sixteen years later, in January 1861, the Secession Convention met in Austin and adopted an Ordinance of Secession on February 1 and a Declaration of Causes on February 2. This proposal was approved by the voters, but even before Texas could become "independent" as provided for in the text of the Ordinance, it was accepted by the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America as a state on March 1, 1861.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Couples around the world find out that theyÃ¢â¬â¢re unable to conceive children. This is a very heart breaking and detrimental situation in anyones life who is trying to have a child. Infertility affects more than 7 million people in the United States, and about 12 percent of women of childbearing age are considered infertile. Most infertility cases are treated with drug or hormone therapies or surgery. However, about 3 percent of cases require more advanced techniques, such as surrogacy. A surrogate is a woman who carries a child for an individual or a couple. Stories of surrogacy reach back to the Bible with the story of Abraham, his wife, Sarah, and her handmaiden, Hagar. In this story, Sarah finds she is unable to conceive and arranges for Abraham to impregnate Hagar, who goes on to conceive Ishmael. There are two types of surrogacy options, one is traditional surrogacy and the other is gestational surrogacy. A traditional surrogate is a woman who donates her own egg and then carries the pregnancy. The surrogateÃ¢â¬â¢s egg is fertilized through artificial insemination with the sperm of the father or a sperm donor. Traditional surrogates are genetically related to the child because their own eggs are used in the process. A gestational surrogate or also known as a gestational carrier, are not biologically or genetically related to the child she carries. Gestational carriers become pregnant through the process of in vitro fertilization, where an embryo or embryos created from the eggs and sperm of the intended parents. Donor eggs and donor sperm are selected by the intended parents are implanted in the uterus for the gestational period of 40 weeks. Intended parents and surrogates have to consider what type of surrogacy arrangement they feel like they are comfortable with. There are two common types of arrangements pertaining to surrogacy, which are commercial and altruistic. In commercial surrogacy the surrogate is paid for her time and effort, any travel involved and related medical expenses not covered by insurance. The chosen surrogate and the intended parents usually donÃ¢â¬â¢t know each other before the arrangement. In altruistic surrogacy arrangements, the carrier sees no financial gain, and the arrangements are commonly made with relatives or friends of the intended parents. Surrogacy is against the ChurchÃ¢â¬â¢s teaching, they teach that techniques that entail the dissociation of husband and wife, by the intrusion of a person other than the couple (donation of sperm or ovum, surrogate uterus), are gravely immoral. These techniques (heterologous artificial insemination and fertilization) infringe the childÃ¢â¬â¢s right to be born of a father and mother known to him and bound to each other by marriage. They betray the spousesÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"right to become a father and a mother only through each other (Catechism). Ã¢â¬ The use of a surrogate mother is a process that is thousands of years old. This is proven in the writings of the Bible in the story of Abraham and his wife Sarah, she was infertile. At this time in the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s history, a woman who was childless was often at times shamed by her family and friends. These women would offer their servants to act as a surrogate. The Bible does not specifically forbid the process of surrogacy. The question that you must ask is, whether it is considered to be moral or ethical with keeping children conceived out of love, born from a married couple. The Bible has also been interpreted as stating that children are a gift, not a right. Therefore, God will bless some people with children and others not. Personally I believe surrogacy is an Ã¢â¬Å"okayÃ¢â¬ practice. Surrogacy ultimately brings joy to the couple and why would god not want us to seek happiness. Surrogacy may seem to be defying GodÃ¢â¬â¢s will but I think itÃ¢â¬â¢s a way of making a precious life out of a bad situation. Being told you will not be able to have your own children is a heart breaking situation. You would never know how it felt until you experience yourself. What gives us the right to judge someone else for wanting a child from their own DNA. If Surrogacy can use one embryo and not kill of the others I think it should be allowed in the church.
Monday, January 6, 2020
AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Debate: Should the Capital Punishment be abolished in the United States? Violent crimes such a murder, rape, sexual assault, and robbery are perpetrated by criminals once every few minutes in this country. Lawmakers spend countless hours enacting laws to prevent these crimes. The introduction of the death penalty is an effort to deter criminals from committing heinous crimes. What exactly does the death penalty accomplish? The best description of the term death penalty is the legal execution of criminals as punishment for committing a violent crime. Opponents of the death penalty want to outlaw its use and consider the action a form of judicial murder. Advocates continue to support the use of capital punishment as a way to deterÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Cases tend to occur frequently in urban areas where poverty and weaker social ties are prevalent. Groups like Amnesty International are working hard to intervene in cases where vital evidence was suppressed, huma n rights were violated, or DNA evidence could have been used to exonerate the individual. Failure of the Appellate Courts to intervene in cases where significant evidence of innocence or human rights violations have occurred is appalling and downright disgusting. The only way for this injustice to be rectified is by amending current laws, remove loopholes that allow governing officials to sit idly by ignoring the problem, or abolish the death penalty altogether. Capital punishment should be abolished in the United States because executions are often times botched. The drafting of the Eighth Amendment prohibits government officials from imposing cruel and unusual punishment against individuals. Opponents to the death penalty often describe their methods as cruel and barbaric; however; advocates tend to disagree. Several times during the past year; there have been botched executions. An article published by the Washington Post newspaper cites the flawed execution of Oklahoma death row inmate Clayton Lockett (Bever). The execution of Mr. Lockett by lethal injection was supposed to be quick and painless, but the event went horribly wrong (Bever). During the injection phase of the execution several of Mr. LockettÃ¢â¬â¢s veins exploded (Bever). Without receiving